Check memory-usage

Overview

Displays the amount of free and used memory in the system and checks how much physical memory is left across platforms by using the available field.

Hints:

  • Be aware of the differences in memory counting between different tools like top, htop, glances, GNOME System Monitor etc.

  • Memory counting also changed between different Linux Kernel versions.

Fact Sheet

Check Plugin Download

https://github.com/Linuxfabrik/monitoring-plugins/tree/main/check-plugins/memory-usage

Check Interval Recommendation

Once a minute

Can be called without parameters

Yes

Compiled for

Linux, Windows

3rd Party Python modules

psutil

Help

usage: memory-usage [-h] [-V] [--always-ok] [-c CRIT] [-w WARN]

Displays amount of free and used memory in the system, checks against used
memory in percent.

options:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -V, --version         show program's version number and exit
  --always-ok           Always returns OK.
  -c CRIT, --critical CRIT
                        Set the critical threshold for memory usage (in
                        percent). Default: 95
  -w WARN, --warning WARN
                        Set the warning threshold for memory usage (in
                        percent). Default: 90

Usage Examples

./memory-usage
./memory-usage --warning 90 --critical 95

Output:

36.2% - total: 3.8GiB, used: 1.1GiB, available: 2.4GiB, free: 989.4MiB
shared: 41.6MiB, buffers: 3.6MiB, cached: 1.8GiB

Top5 most memory consuming processes:
1. php-fpm: 810.7MiB (20.7%)
2. forkit: 418.3MiB (10.7%)
3. kit_spare_001: 335.5MiB (8.6%)
4. mariadbd: 306.2MiB (7.8%)
5. icinga2: 63.8MiB (1.6%)

States

  • WARN or CRIT if total memory usage is above a given threshold.

Perfdata / Metrics

Name

Type

Description

available

Bytes

The memory that can be given instantly to processes without the system going into swap. This is calculated by summing different memory values depending on the platform and it is supposed to be used to monitor actual memory usage in a cross platform fashion.

buffers

Bytes

Cache for things like file system metadata (Linux, BSD).

cached

Bytes

Cache for various things (Linux, BSD).

free

Bytes

Memory not being used at all (zeroed) that is readily available; note that this doesn’t reflect the actual memory available (use available instead). total - used does not necessarily match free.

shared

Bytes

Memory that may be simultaneously accessed by multiple processes (Linux, BSD).

total

Bytes

Total physical memory (exclusive swap).

usage_percent

Percentage

used

Bytes

Memory used, calculated differently depending on the platform and designed for informational purposes only. total - free does not necessarily match used.

Troubleshooting

This checks sometimes reports > 100% memory usage

That’s fine, the RES column in top says the same if you sum up all values for a process (attention: the values in top’s RES column are KB by default), and compare process memory to total physical system memory. The machine does not swap, so this is kind of Linux memory management mystery.

Credits, License