Check php-fpm-status

Overview

This check collects information from the PHP-FPM pool status page and alerts on certain overuse. In addition, a table is printed which contains each pool process in the status „Running“ (which information relates to the current request that is being served).

PHP-FPM config example:

; PHP-FPM Config
pm.status_path = /fpm-status
# Apache Config
Alias /fpm-status /dev/null
<LocationMatch "/fpm-status">
    Require local
    ProxyPass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock|fcgi://localhost/fpm-status
</LocationMatch>

Fact Sheet

Check Plugin Download

https://github.com/Linuxfabrik/monitoring-plugins/tree/main/check-plugins/php-fpm-status

Check Interval Recommendation

Once a minute

Can be called without parameters

Yes

Available for

Python 2, Python 3, Windows

Requirements

Configure a status page like /fpm-status, /<poolname>-fpm-status or similar in /etc/php-fpm.d/<poolname>.conf

Help

usage: php-fpm-status [-h] [-V] [--always-ok] [-c CRIT]
                      [--critical-maxchildren CRIT_MAX_CHILDREN]
                      [--critical-slowreq CRIT_SLOW_REQUESTS] [--test TEST]
                      [-u URL] [-w WARN]
                      [--warning-maxchildren WARN_MAX_CHILDREN]
                      [--warning-slowreq WARN_SLOW_REQUESTS]

This check collects information from the PHP-FPM status page and alerts on
certain overuse. In addition, a table is printed which contains each pool
process in the status "Running" (information relates to the current request
that is being served).

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -V, --version         show program's version number and exit
  --always-ok           Always returns OK.
  -c CRIT, --critical CRIT
                        Set the CRIT threshold for queue usage as a
                        percentage. Default: >= 90
  --critical-maxchildren CRIT_MAX_CHILDREN
                        Set the CRIT threshold for the number of times the
                        process limit has been reached. Default: >= 100
  --critical-slowreq CRIT_SLOW_REQUESTS
                        Set the CRIT threshold for slow requests. Default: >=
                        100
  --test TEST           For unit tests. Needs "path-to-stdout-file,path-to-
                        stderr-file,expected-retc".
  -u URL, --url URL     PHP-FPM Status URL. Default: http://localhost/fpm-
                        status
  -w WARN, --warning WARN
                        Set the WARN threshold for queue usage as a
                        percentage. Default: >= 80
  --warning-maxchildren WARN_MAX_CHILDREN
                        Set the WARN threshold for the number of times the
                        process limit has been reached. Default: >= 1
  --warning-slowreq WARN_SLOW_REQUESTS
                        Set the WARN threshold for slow requests. Default: >=
                        1

Usage Examples

./php-fpm-status --url http://localhost/fpm-status --warning 80 --warning-maxchildren 10 --critical-slowreq 3

Output:

Pool www (dynamic): 47/55 reqs in queue (85.5%) [WARNING], 3x max children reached [WARNING], 42 slow requests [WARNING], 129k connections, 10.3 req/s, 23 processes (3 active, 20 idle), Up 3h 28m (since 2021-05-08 09:18:11)

PID     Reqs ReqDur Request URI           POST    AuthUser
---     ---- ------ -----------           ----    --------
1818627 5785 6h 23m /nextcloud/remote.php -       user@example.org
1821973 5062 5h 14m /nextcloud/remote.php -       user@example.org
1823283 5092 3m 40s /nextcloud/index.php  252.0B  -

The columns mean:

  • PID: the PID of the process

  • Requests: the number of requests the process has served

  • ReqDur: the duration of the requests

  • Request URI: the request URI with the query string

  • POST: the content length of the POST request (or ‚-‚ if not a POST)

  • AuthUser: the user (PHP_AUTH_USER) (or ‚-‚ if not set);

States

  • WARN or CRIT on queue usage over certain thresholds (default 80/90%)

  • WARN or CRIT if numer of max children is over certain thresholds (default 1/100)

  • WARN or CRIT if numer of slow queries is over certain thresholds (default 1/100)

Perfdata / Metrics

  • accepted conn: the number of request accepted by the pool

  • active processes: the number of active processes

  • idle processes: the number of idle processes

  • listen queue len: the size of the socket queue of pending connections

  • listen queue: the number of request in the queue of pending connections

  • max children reached: number of times, the process limit has been reached, when pm tries to start more children (works only for pm ‚dynamic‘ and ‚ondemand‘)

  • queue usage: the number of request in the queue of pending connections, in %

  • req per sec: the number of request accepted by the pool divided by number of seconds since FPM has started

  • slow requests: the number of slow requests

  • start since: number of seconds since FPM has started

Credits, License